Harmonizing to the K to 12 DepEd Primer ( 2011 ) . “K-12 agencies “Kindergarten and the 12 old ages of simple and secondary instruction. ” Kindergarten points to the 5-year old kid who undertakes the standardised course of study for kindergartners. Elementary instruction refers to 6 old ages of primary school ( Grades 1-6 ) while secondary instruction means four old ages of junior high school ( Grades 7-10 or HS Year 1-4 ) . In add-on to this. two old ages are now allotted for senior high school ( Grades 11-12 or HS Year 5-6 ) . Prof.
Lorina Calingasan of the College of Education in UP Diliman explains that “K-12 agencies widening basic instruction by two old ages. so alternatively of holding a high school alumnus at 16 ( old ages old ) . we will hold high school alumnus at 18. ” The DepEd treatment paper ( 2010 ) on the enhanced K-12 basic instruction plan explains that this new apparatus “seeks to supply a quality 12-year basic instruction plan that each Filipino is entitled to” . Furthermore. the intent is non merely to add 2 more old ages of instruction “but more significantly to heighten the basic instruction curriculum” .
What is the principle for this plan? There is an pressing demand to heighten the quality of basic instruction in our state as seen in the instruction results of Filipino pupils and the comparative disadvantage of the Philippines with respect to other states. The undermentioned information would back up this account: At nowadays. the Philippines is the lone state in Asia and among the three staying states in the universe that uses a 10-year basic instruction rhythm.
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Harmonizing to a presentation made by the South East Asiatic Ministers of Education Organization ( SEAMEO-INNOTECH ) on Additional Years in Philippine Basic Education ( 2010 ) . the comparative informations on continuance of Basic and Pre-University Education in Asia shows that the Philippines allots 10 old ages non merely for the basic instruction rhythm but besides for the pre-university instruction while all the other states have either 11 or 12 old ages in their basic instruction rhythm. Achievement tonss highlight our students’ hapless public presentation in national scrutinies.
The National Achievement Test ( NAT ) consequences for grade 6 in SY 2009-2010 showed merely a 69. 21 % go throughing rate while the NAT consequences for high school is at a low 46. 38 % . Furthermore. international trials consequences in 2003 Trends in International Mathematics and Science survey ( TIMSS ) show that the Philippines ranked 34th out of 38 states in HS Math and 43rd out of 46 states in HS II Science. Furthermore. the Philippines ranked the lowest in 2008 even with merely the scientific discipline high schools fall ining the Advanced Mathematics class.
Some grounds why non differ with K- 12 instruction program in the Philippines First if K- 12 will be implemented. pupils will be able to acquire sufficient instructional clip to make subject- related undertakings which makes them more prepared and well- trained on that capable country. On the other manus. if we remain on the old system. Philippine pupils would continually acquire low accomplishment tonss. For case. international trial consequences revealed that we frequently come at the tail terminal in the tests compared to other states. Second ground why we should back up K- 12 is that the alumnuss of this plan will be more prepared to come in the labour force.
As we all noticed. high school alumnuss of the current course of study are non yet employable for the ground that they are non yet competent and good – equipped with the accomplishments needed in the workplaces. In add-on. most high school alumnuss are non yet making the legal age of 18. With the new course of study. senior high school pupils can take a field that they are good at and that they are interested in. As a consequence. they will be equipped with the accomplishments needed for a specific occupation even without a college grade. At the age of 18. the age when they graduate from high school. they will be employable and competitory already.
Therefore. adding up to the nation’s work force. Finally. with K- 12. Filipino alumnuss will be automatically recognized as professionals abroad because we are following the international instruction criterion as practiced by all states. There will be no demand to analyze once more and pass more money in order to measure up to their criterions. With this. Filipino professionals who aspire to work abroad will non happen a difficult clip in acquiring occupations in line with their chosen field and will be able to assist their households more in the Philippines every bit good as the country’s economic system with their remittals. belongings purchasing. and creative activity of concerns.
Filipinos are known to be competitory in the international community. While this may be true. our current instruction system hinders us in going more competitory among other states. The K- 12 instruction program offers a great solution to that job. However. it is undeniable that there seems to be jobs originating as we implement the plan such as deficiency of authorities budget. schoolrooms and school supplies every bit good as the instructors. But. if we focus on the long- term consequence of K- 12. we can reason that it is really good to us Filipinos.
Therefore. we must hold the strong will in back uping K- 12 Educational Plan for the improvement of our instruction system and economic system. Remember. if we want alteration in our society. we must get down it with our instruction system. Definition of Footings Curriculum refers to the sidelong integrating of school-based topics to run into the makings demanded by industry. South East Asiatic Ministers of Education Organization ( SEAMEO ) is a hired international organisation that aims to advance cooperation among Southeasterly Asiatic states through instruction. scientific discipline and civilization.
It operates through specialised regional centres. three of which are hosted by the Filipino authorities and include the Regional Center for Educational Innovation and Technology ( INNOTECH ) . National Achievement Test ( NAT ) is an one-year scrutiny given to both Grade ninth and 10th pupils in the Philippines. The students’ cognition and command over the topics Mathematics. Science. Filipino. and Araling Panlipunan is measured utilizing a multiple pick type trial. The scrutiny is administered by the Department of Education’s National Educational Testing and Research Center ( NETRC ) .
Tendencies in International Mathematics and Science survey ( TIMSS ) provides dependable and timely informations on the mathematics and scientific discipline accomplishment of U. S. 4th- and 8th-grade pupils compared to that of pupils in other states. Methodology Populating this modern universe we gather this information by carry oning research through cyberspace. We read all the articles that describe k – 12 basic instructions. By the aid of this modern engineering we determine how and why k – 12 basic instruction aid Filipinos to be employed and reduces poorness in our state. Summary of Findings World of K -12 K – 12 Basic Education Program is adding 2 old ages from K – 10 Basic.
Education Program of our state. K – 12 are divided from kindergarten. simple instruction ( grade 1 – 6 ) . secondary instruction or junior high school ( grade 7 – 10 or HS twelvemonth 1 – 4 ) . and extra 2 old ages which refers to senior high school ( grade 11 – 12 or HS twelvemonth 5 – 6 ) . After 12 old ages of basic instruction alumnuss of this course of study are prepared to belong to the labour force of the Philippines. Besides K – 12 alumnuss are recognized as professionals abroad because we are now following to the international instruction criterion are pattern by all state. Reference Velasco P. T. ( 2012 ) . A Primer on the New K-12 Philippine Education Curriculum.
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