Managerial and Organizational Behavior – Office Space Essay Sample

There are four major influences that can impact an organization’s construction. With the film Office Space as an illustration. the manner employees handle alteration. paradigms. power. and political relations will be analyzed. Theories will be cited of what techniques can be initiated to guarantee effectual organisational direction and behaviour. Office Space is a great illustration of irrational direction and eccentric human behaviour. The executives at the fabricated company in the film. Initech. make non show successful managerial organisational accomplishments. Great regard is paid to the impact that organisational alteration can embrace.

Managerial and Organizational BehaviorOffice Space: A Case StudyOrganizational behaviour can be defined as “individual behaviour and group kineticss in organizations” ( Nelson. Quick. 2006. p. 4 ) . Its survey is preponderantly composed of the psychosocial. interpersonal. and behavioural kineticss in organisations. Additionally. there are organisational variables that affect human behaviour at work. These are besides relevant to the survey of organisational behaviour ( Nelson. Quick. 2006 ) . Office Space is a comedy that ridicules work life at a typical package company. Initech. The focal point is on a smattering of persons who are fed up with their occupations and the inordinate direction. The movie sympathetically portrays ordinary IT workers. but it besides addresses subjects familiar to office workers and employees in general. “Organizations have frequently been described as clockworks in which human behaviour is logical and rational. but they frequently seem like serpent cavities to those who work in them” ( Nelson. Quick. 2006. p. 4 ) .

This text is NOT unique.

Don't plagiarize, get content from our essay writers!
Order now

Office Space is a amusing. theatrical version of bizarre and irrational direction and human behaviour. Soon after the film begins. two advisers. nicknamed The Bobs since they both have the same first name. are brought in to Initech to assist with cutting disbursals. The workers at Initech are so interviewed in order to find which employees will be downsized or outsourced. When word gets out that they are coming. the employees start to inquire who will be the first to travel.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!

order now

Peter Gibbons is a package applied scientist who spends his yearss updating bank package to rectify the then-expected Y2K catastrophe. His colleagues include Samir Nayanajaad. who complains that no 1 in the US can articulate his name right ; Michael Bolton. who is angry that he portions his name with the real-life dad vocalist whom he hates ; and Milton Waddams. a soft-spoken. fixated collator who mumbles to himself incessantly-most notably about his colleagues borrowing his stapler-and is repeatedly harassed by direction. particularly the indurate frailty president Bill Lumbergh. Lumbergh is Peter’s Nemesis – a stereotyped corporate middle-manager who spends most of his clip rolling the office with a java mug in manus. have oning white-collared shirts. braces and a belt. and emotionlessly micromanages his employees while prosecuting them with fiddling little talk.

Peter finds himself stressed. burned out. and uneffective. He feels that he will probably be foremost on the Bobs’ retrenchment list. Fortunately for him. something unusual happens during an occupational hypnotherapy session urged upon him by his soon-to-be ex-girlfriend Anne. The corpulent healer all of a sudden dies of a bosom onslaught before he can snarl. or unhypnotize. Peter out of a province of complete relaxation. The freshly relaxed and still half-hypnotized Peter announces that he will non work any longer. He will alternatively prosecute his womb-to-tomb dream of making nil. and eventually inquire out Joanna. a waitress he’s long wanted to day of the month. During his interview with the Bobs. Peter unconditionally speaks his head about the absurdness of his occupation and of how Initech is run. The Bobs interpret Peter’s fairness. easy-going attitude. and deficiency of respect for his occupation. as grounds that he is unmotivated in his current place and therefore a premier campaigner for a managerial place. Much to his surprise. and Lumbergh’s discouragement. Peter receives a publicity while his friends Samir and Michael. two of the department’s best employees. are scheduled to be fired.

There are many factors that influence the work behaviour in Office Space. Many of these properties are present in non-fictional organisations as good. The manner we handle alteration. paradigms. power. and political behaviour. will all impact the manner a section or company will run. I feel the manner we react to alter is the biggest issue. Change occurs every twenty-four hours. at work and at place ; although. sometimes we are non witting of it. Sometimes it is non important adequate to do a drastic impact.

Pull offing ChangeOrganizations are altering about daily. It has become the criterion in most organisations ( Nelson. Quick. 2006 ) . The presence of uninterrupted alteration appears to be the lone invariable in organisational life today. One country that continues its transmutation of organisations is the design itself. The manner in which companies are configured today is altering ( Buhler. 2000 ) . Change can be every bit dramatic as retrenchment or a amalgamation. or it can be every bit infinitesimal as engaging more staff. Either manner. it still has an impact on employees.

“The eventuality attack to the construction of current organisations suggests there is no ‘one best’ construction appropriate for every organization” ( Buhler. 2000. p. 15 ) . Rather. this attack contends the best construction for an organisation fits its demands for the state of affairs at the clip. The best construction for an organisation may alter over time-as the “situation within which the company operates alterations and the environment changes” ( Buhler. 2000. p. 15 ) . The key is to construction houses such that the degree of reactivity is improved and organisations are able to cut down some of the uncertainness in the environments ( Buhler. 2000 ) . Nelson and Quick describe this as unplanned alteration where alteration is frequently unanticipated ( 2006 ) . Regulative authorities alterations and economical alterations are frequently unplanned. The reactivity to unplanned alteration “requires enormous flexibleness and adaptability on the portion of the organization” ( Nelson. Quick. 2006. p. 600 ) .

Today’s organisations are viewed as unfastened systems. Buhler describes this as houses that “fuel the transmutation procedure by obtaining inputs from their environment and so the end product of the transmutation procedure must be absorbed into the firm’s environment” ( 2000. p. 15 ) . This suggests the organisation must continually concentrate on the external environment. The design of the organisation must besides take into history the demand to accommodate to this environment and to be flexible. The organisation and its stakeholders are linked closer to the external environment than of all time before ( Buhler. 2000 ) .

Change can be a battle for many people. Whenever a new manner is suggested for making something. person is ever disbelieving. This type of opposition can do it easy to give up on alteration. Current tendencies of teambuilding require directors to cover with even more differences of sentiment ( Preston. 1999 ) . “The chase of organisational effectivity through retrenchment. cycle-time decrease. and other efforts” becomes top precedence ( Nelson. Quick. 2006. p. 600 ) . All members become affected when organisations are in a province of enormous convulsion and passage. Downsizing can increase stockholder value better alining costs with grosss. and this is what is stated in Office Space ( Nelson. Quick. 2006 ) .

The executives at Initech bring in advisers to make a small reorganizing of the company’s construction. Some people get laid away. and some get moved into other places. It is really stated that two of the best package people will be replaced with entry degree graduates “so Bill Lumbergh’s stock will travel up a one-fourth of a point” ( Rappaport. 1999 ) . Nelson and Quick province employee layoffs can be accompanied by additions in CEO wage and stock options ( 2006 ) . Furthermore. Initech. if a existent corporation. could endure public unfavorable judgment for this ( Nelson. Quick. 2006 ) . As Michael and Samir were traveling to be affected by a layoff. they embarked on an embezzling strategy.

My section is traveling to be undergoing a batch of alterations in the following month or so. We are losing a senior director. and we already terminated a director two months ago. Sing the extended experience the senior director holds. it is traveling to be highly hard to replace her. We have merely had two appliers in the last month. and neither are them were made an offer. But neither of them had any experience in international revenue enhancement. However. we merely had another applicant semen in late. and she has rather a spot of experience. International revenue enhancement takes a really long clip to understand what is traveling on. I was informed that the most recent applier will be made an offer. Though. when and if she accepts the place. many things will alter. Her direction manner will likely be different than what we are used to. But she may convey some valuable cognition to the organisation that can assist us all execute our occupation responsibilities better.

The organisational Aikido described in “Organizational Aikido: Implementing Change Without a Fight” provides several schemes and tactics to assist cover with opposition in a manner that allows attempts to be focused on turning a concern ( Preston. 1999 ) . Aikido is a Nipponese soldierly art ; “the manner of harmoniousness with the energy of those around you” ( Preston. 1999. P. 22 ) . The Aikido rules are designed to function 1s involvement by seting him or her in control. There are ever people in organisations that do non desire to alter ( Preston. 1999 ) . In Office Space. Peter refuses to set in excess attempt to do his bosses’ stock rise. Furthermore. he has a huge antipathy for all his foremans. This is representative of the people opposed to alter in Preston’s article ( 1999 ) . These types of trouble makers must be prevented from undermining the development of an organisation ( Preston. 1999 ) . Sabotaging the company is precisely what he accomplished when he embezzled over $ 300. 000. Preston describes three Aikido rules that have proven effectual in halting physical aggressors and to neutralize trouble makers ( Preston. 1999 ) .

The first Aikido rule is called “whoever battles. loses” ( Preston. 1999. p. 22 ) . Preston ( 1999 ) describes one state of affairs: At a section meeting. the gross revenues director presents a program to automatize field gross revenues. When she is challenged by two seasoned salesmen who are unfamiliar with computing machines and immune to alter. she criticizes their public presentation and their deficiency of support for the squad. An statement ensues. the docket is abandoned. and the program is non implemented ; the meeting fails to run into its aim. ( p. 22 ) Change can supply a fantastic chance to reconsider the ways in which we deal with the people around us. We all know how computing machines can assist us today. However. to the two work forces who were unfamiliar to them. it was a bad state of affairs. Nelson and Quick province that technological progresss are another force for alteration in organisations ( 2006 ) . The secret of Aikido and organisational success is harmony. Harmony does non intend that everyone has to hold all of clip. However. it does intend that dissension and alteration have their topographic point.

They take topographic point within the context of a shared mission and professional regard. If two Aikido practicians are in the same room. they will non contend. When an single decides to contend or go counter. he or she breaks the harmoniousness of the organisation and expends his or her energy. When you fight. you provide a barrier for an eager adversary to force against. Alternatively. happen something on which you can hold. and construct a bond. Then use that bond as a lever to carry your manque opposition to fall in you. “You conserve your energy. and you gain consensus-specifically. the apprehension. blessing and engagement of your opponent-in the process” ( Preston. 1999. p. 22 ) . I feel that Initech should seek to accomplish harmoniousness within the organisation. There is so much built up choler and hatred towards different people that merely a few get along with each other.

The Aikido attack in this state of affairs is really simple. When the salesmen object to the new machine-controlled system. the director should listen attentively. She must non take the remarks personally. Acknowledging the clip and attempt that larning the new system will imply. she should utilize the staff’s remarks to back up the value of appropriate preparation and public presentation ratings in the procedure. This ensures that the program goes frontward. and the meeting has achieved its aim ( Preston. 1999 ) .

The 2nd Aikido rule is called “when pushed. pull” ( Preston. 1999. p. 22 ) . Imagine two brothers who work together and must make up one’s mind the hereafter of their concern. They disagree. and the older brother accuses the younger brother of being selfish. Afraid of losing face in the position of their household or their employees. the brothers become fixed in their places. ne’er come to an understanding. and finally destruct the concern. We must defy the urge to react right off when person disagrees with us ( Preston. 1999 ) . Harmonizing to Nelson and Quick. “when work groups have different ends. these ends may be incompatible” ( 2006. p. 424 ) . They further province that these types of struggles frequently occur because persons are non cognizant of the other person’s ends or aims ( 2006 ) .

There are several ways to reason. but the key is to be constructive. Preston states that “you can contend fire with fire. gasolene or water” ( 1999. p. 23 ) . You want to take the right attack to co-occur with your end. If you fight fire with fire. than you are set uping that you are a individual who won’t back down. This is utile if you need to salvage face. Contending fire with gasolene. nevertheless. establishes you as a incentive. This is utile if you need to whisk person into action. For the intent of “diffusing struggle and taking ego-based distractions in the alteration procedure. there is nil like water” ( Preston. 1999. p. 23 ) .

Identifying and admiting the value of feedback is optimum when person attempts to sabotage you at a meeting. Now that you know where the individual stands. wither that he doesn’t understand your proposal or that he doesn’t support it. you can develop an attack to cover with him. Peter begins to contend fire with fire from the minute he leaves the hypnotizer. He sharply pursues the waitress that he has liked for some clip. He besides seems to make his ain thing in respect to his occupation responsibilities. He plays Tetris on his computing machine when he is supposed to be working. and he disregards any and all remarks and assignments from his foremans.

Preston ( 1999 ) describes the undermentioned Aikido attack to the state of affairs with the two brothers: After inquiring some inquiries and listening to the replies. the older brother realizes that the company is non the issues: his younger brother truly wants to set up himself as a determination shaper in the household and the concern. So. without giving in on this peculiar issue. the older brother acknowledges the value of the younger brothers input. and actively involves his younger brother in the execution of the new policy. ( p. 23 ) The concluding Aikido rule is called “words without pattern have small meaning” ( Preston. 1999. p. 23 ) . Imagine the CEO of a start-up engineering house. He decides to shift the merchandise and mark web suppliers. So he calls a meeting and tells the staff what to make. As nil alterations. the CEO is baffled. He assumed that a start-up house would accommodate easy to alter ( Preston. 1999 ) . The CEO’s unplanned alteration requires enormous flexibleness and adaptability ( Nelson. Quick. 2006 ) .

If we don’t understand the importance of the alteration. than we will non alter. TheAikido attack to this state of affairs is a little more complex. The CEO needs to pass on his message efficaciously in order for his people to acquire the message. He must besides compose a description of the program with visuals. This is in add-on to the meeting. The staff should be challenged with a short-run end. and they must be encouraged to seek their ain methods to run into it ( Preston. 1999 ) . All of the Aikido attacks described by Preston can be modified for any organisation. Initech should use these to make harmoniousness in their organisation.

ParadigmsParadigms are theoretical accounts that help one understand how things are. or at least how one perceives things to be. Paradigms aid specify 1s single manner of thought and 1s actions. Everyone maps with a set of paradigms ; some we are cognizant of and others are operated at a subconscious degree. Ones paradigms are influenced by many factors including upbringing. instruction. and occupation and life experiences ( Gasaway. 2005 ) . Paradigms come into drama when we judge people and/or things merely based upon visual aspects. When we see a individual walking down the street in black from caput to toe with black nail gloss and black lip rouge have oning tonss of long ironss we typically stereo-type them as a certain type of individual. This can be a consequence of the manner we were raised or our personal experience ( Gasaway. 2005 ) .

The paradigms that we hold as persons and organisations have a important influence on how we receive things. We must be unfastened minded to new thoughts. new information. and new cognition in order to larn and turn. The environment we create and support will significantly act upon our personal success and the success of our organisation ( s ) . However. many people are conditioned at a immature age to stay by all the regulations. to sit softly until spoken to. and to ever colourise within the lines. This is what “creates paradigms – theoretical accounts of behaviour that are considered so to be normal” ( Gasaway. 2005 ) .

Paradigm can hold a negative consequence on your thought. Gasaway uses an exercising with pupils to expose the powerful force that paradigms have on thought. He instructs the pupils to set nine points on a piece of paper in a peculiar form. Four consecutive lines are to be drawn to link all the points without raising the pencil off the paper. This is one of those encephalon fellows you see in the dorsum of a random magazine. It sounds simple. and it looks simple. but you merely can’t figure it out. This is because we are all edge by the restrictions of our ain paradigms. There is something in the head that prevents you to be unfastened minded sufficiency to see the ( simple ) solution. When paradigms are applied to the big organisations we work in. the challenge is huge. It is hard to interrupt through the normal ways of believing to happen new and originative solutions to jobs. When an full organisation thinks the same manner. it’s hard to believe outside the box ( Gasaway. 2005 ) .

Bill Lumbergh is faced with his ain paradigms. He doesn’t believe there is anything uneven in his behaviour or his drone voice. His paradigms are likely at the subconscious degree so that what he sees and hears is considered normal to him. Furthermore. directors like this organisations could hold been raised in an environment where there parent ( s ) ever questioned everything they did and merely communicated what was done incorrect – ne’er what was done right. Peter Gibbons besides has his ain manner of looking at things. He views any sort of work to be nonmeaningful. and he relates an office environment as sitting in an enclosed cubelike make fulling out useless paperwork ( Rappaport. 1999 ) . Nelson and Quick province that you must take charge of your professional calling with an knowing and purposeful committedness in order to pull off a new calling paradigm ( 2006 ) .

PowerThere are many signifiers of power that persons can utilize in their work scenes. Some are used in interactions with others and are classified as interpersonal. “One of the earliest and most influential theories of power comes from Gallic and Raven. who tried to find the beginnings of power directors use to act upon other people” ( Nelson. Quick. 2006. p. 356 ) . There are five signifiers of interpersonal power that Gallic and Raven identified that directors use. They are coercive. expert. wages. legitimate. and referent power.

Coercive power can be profound in some organisations. Coercive power is based on a manager’s ability to do an unbearable experience for an employee ( Nelson. Quick. 2006 ) . Bill Lumbergh employs this power towards Milton throughout the movie. He asks him to travel his desk three times throughout the film. and eventually doing him work from the roach infested cellar. Furthermore. Bill keeps taking Milton’s stapling machine that he loves.

The cognition and accomplishment that person else requires is known as adept power ( Gallic. Raven. 1960 ) . Michael illustrates adept power by moving as the agent who has the specialized cognition that is needed to make a virus. while Peter acts at the mark needed to put in the package that the virus is on. However. three conditions must be in topographic point for adept power to work. The mark must swear that the expertness from the agent is accurate. The cognition involved must be applicable to the mark. Finally. the target’s perceptual experience of the agents’ expertness is important ( Nelson. Quick. 2006 ) . Although Michael’s cognition on the virus was huge. his preciseness was away when he put a decimal in the incorrect topographic point which resulted in the virus to lodge big amounts of money to the history.

The ability to give other people the things they want is known as wages power ( Nelson. Quick. 2006 ) . However. [ directors ] will inquire for things to be done in exchange ( Gallic. Raven. 1960 ) . If the employee sees a clear nexus between public presentation and wagess. than reward power can take to enhanced public presentation ( Nelson. Quick. 2006 ) . This type of power is non demonstrated in Office Space. There are ne’er any wagess being offered for the excess overtime that Peter is asked to execute. except for the possible addition in Lumbergh’s stock. But that has no consequence on Peter as he does non hold any stock options in the company.

Legitimate power is based on place and common understanding. It is similar to authorization. Employees must believe that directors have the authorization to state them what to make in order for legitimate power to be effectual ( Nelson. Quick. 2006 ) . This is frequently the instance with male monarchs. police officers and directors ( Gallic. Raven. 1960 ) . Although Bill Lumbergh is in a direction function at Initech. there is no common understanding. Since the employees do non esteem him. they do non experience that he has the right to state them what to make.

Referent power is based on interpersonal attractive force ( Nelson. Quick. 2006 ) . It is the power of personal appeal from another individual wishing you or desiring to be like you. This type of power is wielded by famous persons and societal leaders ( Gallic. Raven 1960 ) . There is no high quality required for referent power ( Nelson. Quick. 2006 ) . Since no one peculiarly likes Lumbergh. he does non possess referent power.

The biggest challenge on organisations is the effectivity of power. Coercive power is of three of the most used types of power. Although legitimate and reward power are among the most widely used by directors. Lumbergh employs coercive power the most throughout the film. These power bases come of course to directors when they accept a supervisory function.

Political BehaviorThe same issues that cause jobs in government-selfishness. greed. spat. lecherousness for power-can weirdo into an organisation and interfere with productiveness. The political procedure is unfavourable to existent. good advancement. You must maintain a crisp oculus out for such political jobs in your people and in yourself ( Sujansky. 2007 ) . “Failures to understand power and political relations can be dearly-won in footings of your career” ( Nelson. Quick. 2006. p. 356 ) . Unfortunately. there is no remedy for the politically hampered organisation ; worlds are worlds. The best stake is to go a Vibrant Entrepreneurial Organization. or VEO. This is a civilization in which political relations can’t take clasp and thrive. They are comprised of people who feel that elusive sense of ownership that drives them to introduce invariably. put to death unrelentingly. and work with passion to remain in front of the competition ( Sujansky. 2007 ) .

There are nine warning marks of an overly political organisation. To go a VEO. the warning marks must be recognized. Once the symptoms are acknowledged. they must be corrected ( Sujansky. 2007 ) .

The first of the nine is when people are loaded with paperwork. ruddy tape. and oppressive regulations. their work advancement is impeded. This type of bureaucratism can be remedied by clear uping the determinations persons can do on their ain. those that they need to acquire input on. and those that they need to postpone to others. Laziness and clockwatching is when people merely put in their clip and travel place. If directors take a personal involvement in these employees and portion their enthusiasm with them. their motive will wish rise. Oftentimes when employees have jobs with their coworkers. they complain to supervisors and/or talk to other coworkers behind their dorsums. This indirect communicating frequently thrives in closed-door environments.

Corruptness is besides evident in many organisations. although we seldom hear all the inside informations. Employees embezzle. fudge studies. and prosecute in other unethical or illegal behaviour more frequently than we here ( Sujansky. 2007 ) . The job is that the employee normally quits before he or she is caught. In a recent survey by Francesca Gino and Max Bazerman “Ethical misconduct is often so insidious that it escapes notice until the harm is done” ( Pomeroy. 2007 ) . The other symptoms include gridlock. brown-nosing. the ambidextrous two-step. go throughing the vaulting horse. and pork-barreling ( Sujansky. 2007 ) .

Initech is representative of a political organisation. and I have found that many corporate organisations are besides guilty of this type of ambiance. Peter Gibbons’ character in Office Space is criticized on miniscule undertakings. Three of his eight foremans bring to his attending that he used an wrong screen sheet on a TPS study. The issue was raised in such a manner that it was a critical issue. Organizational political relations is the application of power and influence in concerns. Organizational conditions such as ill-defined ends and equivocal lines of authorization can really promote political activity ( Nelson. Quick. 2006 ) . Initech portrays this type of organisation.

Laziness and low work moral principle is another issue raised in the film. Peter and his fellow co-workers come to recognize that the directors do non appreciate what they do. Peter starts his twenty-four hours at the normal starting clip and procrastinates throughout the twenty-four hours. He is ne’er approached with disputing yet realistic ends related to his involvement and accomplishments. If he was provided with on-going feedback on what he does good. as opposed to nit finical comments when he messes up. he may be more incline to take his occupation more earnestly ( Sujansky. 2007 ) .

Indirect communicating is heavy at Initech. When advisers are brought in to measure the company’s public presentation. rumours start winging about who will be laid off first. The employees are ne’er truly told that the advisers are at that place to downsize. They are merely told they will be “making certain things go a little more smoothly” ( Rappaport. 1999 ) . Companies can be really close about the departures on. particularly when it comes to publicities and occupation transportations. Directors should be up front with all employees ; it eliminates the rumour factory and chitchat train. At Initech. the advisers are really hired to “…do a small ( thumb quotation marks ) clean housing with some of the package people” ( Rappaport. 1999 ) .

Finally. corruptness is the last of the nine symptoms of a political organisation that is revealed at Initech. Throughout the film. Milton Waddams threatens to fire down the edifice several times because his desk keeps acquiring moved and his stapling machine gets taken off. He is queerly fond of his ruddy Swingline stapling machine. Besides. Peter. Samir and Michael engage in an embezzling strategy. They decide to infect the accounting system with a computing machine virus. which will round down fractions of a cent from accrual of involvement and reassign the leftovers into their ain history. However. the program backfires when a bug in the virus program’s codification causes it to take $ 305. 326. 13 in one twenty-four hours.

The jobs of the three friends are solved when Milton eventually snaps. Milton sets the Initech office edifice on fire-as he had threatened to make several times-destroying all the computing machines and the virus codification. The interpersonal and behavioural kineticss at Initech are humourous at the least. Although fictional. there are several existent companies that operate in a similar mode.

I have outlined the major facets of organisational behaviour and how it relates to the characters and secret plan of Office Space. The usage of the theories and patterns discussed can assist organisations accomplish a more consonant and inactive workplace. Directors at all degrees. with the work of their employees. can work at bettering the construction of an organisation. It is sometimes difficult to recognize the impact that alteration can make. Furthermore. our ain personal paradigms. power. and political relations all play an of import function in an organisation. Initech could profit from developing in organisational behaviour direction. Bill Hopkins. emeritus professor of Auburn University. provinces that the success of an organisation depends on the effectivity of the procedures. He goes on to farther province that “the effectivity of your procedures depends on the behaviours of your people” and “the behaviours of your people depend on the accomplishment of your managers” ( Managers subdivision. n. d. ) .


Buhler. P. M. ( 2000 ) . Pull offing in the new millenary. Supervision. ( 15 ) 4.

Retrieved July 26. 2007. from MasterFILE Premier database.

Gallic. J. P. R. Jr. . and Raven. B. ( 1960 ) . The bases of societal power. In D. Cartwright and A.

Zander ( explosive detection systems. ) . Group kineticss ( p. 604-623 ) . New York: Harper and row.

Gasaway. Richard B. ( 2005 ) . The influence of paradigms. Minnesota Fire Chief. ( 41 ) 5.

Retrieved July 18. 2007. from MasterFILE Premier database.

Hopkins. Bill ( n. d. ) . For Managers and Executives: Why should I utilize OBM? RetrievedAugust 1. 2007. from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. obmnetwork. com.

Nelson. D. L. and Quick. J. C. ( 2006 ) . Organizational behaviour: Foundations. worlds & A ; challenges ( 5th ed. ) . Mason. Ohio: Thomson South-WesternPomeroy. Ann ( 2007 ) . Beware the ‘Boiling Frog Syndrome’ . HRMagizine. ( 52 ) 5.

Retrieved July 20. 2007. from MasterFILE Premier database.

Preston. D. R. ( 1999 ) . Organizational Aikido: Implementing alteration without a battle. Manage. ( 22 ) 2. Retrieved July 26. 2007. from MasterFILE Premier database.

Rappaport. D. ( Producer ) . & A ; Judge. M. ( Director ) . ( 1999 ) . Office Space [ Motionpicture ] . United States: 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation.

Sujansky. Joanne G. ( 2007 ) . Corporate Politics. Leadership Excellence. 24 ( 6 ) .

Retrieved July 19. 2007. from MasterFILE Premier database.

Related essay samples:

  1. Do managers over manage workers?
  2. The death of Baby P.
  3. Nelson Mandela
  4. Organizational Metaphors Essay
  5. Self-Directed Teams
  6. Organizational Behavior Principles P3 Ip Management Essay
  7. Matty Doolin
  8. What Is Employee Engagement Management Essay
  9. Stereotyping In An Organization Essay
  10. Performance Management at Bolt’s Convenience Stores Essay
  11. Analysing the leadership style of richard branson
  12. Nelson Mandela
  13. Theoretical Rationale And Justification For The Investigation Commerce Essay
  14. Organizational Behavior across Cultures Essay
  15. Campbell & Bailey’s Boston Office Essay