Organizational structure of Tata Motors

2001 witnessed one of the most pronounced turnarounds for an Indian car company in the history of Indian car fabricating on market. The company is Tata Motors and it was the M.D. Ravikant who played a major function in the procedure of alteration. That the turnaround procedure has been successful is apparent in the fact that Tata Motors ranks as the 5th largest maker of medium and heavy trucks in the universe. In the Indian market, Tata Motors ranks 2nd in the rider vehicles section. The company besides has important bets in former Soviet Republics, the Middle East South Africa, South Asia and Turkey. There besides have been coup d’etats such as that of Daewoo ‘s commercial vehicle concern in South Korea and a 21 % interest in Hispano Corracera, the Spanish car manufacturer. The commercial-vehicle market in India shrank by more than 40 % for Tata Motors. The 5 billion rupee loss in 2001 triggered off a rethinking within the organisation. A recovery scheme was planned upon and the way towards a better hereafter was chalked out in three phases-each of which would last two old ages. Phase one looked to halt the harm. Cost decrease was on the cards. This was traveling to be a immense challenge as the company had been till so runing in marketer ‘s market and used a cost-plus attack to pricing. The 2nd stage looked at consolidating the company ‘s place in India, and the 3rd stage would look at planetary markets and international enlargement.


Phase 1 aimed at constructing up a system of market pricing and to diminish the interruption even point. These called for major cut down in variable costs, diced costs and involvement cost. The organisation put into usage assorted attacks for cost-reduction such as bench taging challengers. The organisation besides went in for e-sourcing, and this has reaped positive consequences. In two and a half old ages, Tata Motors brought down the break-even from about two-thirds. The first stage aimed to stem the hemorrhage and Tata Motors wanted to to the full use information engineering to drive concern ends and cut down cost.

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Phase 2

While stage one focused on cut downing costs, phase two was all about taking action in countries that would impact the other stages. In stage two, the focal point clearly was on hiking merchandise quality and upgrading merchandise characteristics. The procedure of doing merchandises more competitory besides entailed working on developing new merchandises for the hereafter market. Phase 2 besides involved puting up a new gross revenues be aftering procedure, fastening recognition ordinances, bettering the liquidness and profitableness of traders, rethinking client satisfaction degrees, and spread outing the scope of distribution web.

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Phase 3

The following stage, i.e. stage 3 so concentrated on looking towards international markets. The key was to acknowledge a comprehensive program to better Tata Motors ‘s place in the market. In stage 3, the company besides focused on inorganic. The cyclical nature of domestic gross revenues had to be taken into history foremost. Thereafter, as portion of the transformational scheme, international variegation was the following logical measure. Seeking new demographics and geographicss for growing in order to confront restrictions that the domestic market imposes is the company ‘s privilege. What Tata Motors truly wanted was to optimise merchandises globally.

P2. Organizational construction of Tata Motors:

The construction of an organisation has to make with the organisational clime along with cognition direction. In the instance of Tata Motors, the organisation has understood the importance of interactions between employers and workers. The procedure could be both formal and informal and the aim is to do employees experience more edge to the organisation. Gathering and sharing cognition is another manner. Tata Motors has a comparatively level construction, therefore it facilitates easy interaction between the different degrees in the organisation.

Advantages of being bureaucratic:

A stable environment is created.

Directors at a lower-level are non enabled in the decision-making procedure as directors at the high-level.

Decisions are comparatively minor and frequently directors at a lower-level bash non desire to hold a say in the decision-making procedure.

Disadvantages of being bureaucratic:

The environment becomes inactive and complex.

Strengths of Tata Motors:

The transformational scheme which looked at international markets has been to maintain local directors at new acquisitions and to reassign a few senior directors from the Indian market to the newer markets. This manner Tata Motors can go on to interchange endowment and expertness.

Tata Motors has formulated a scheme for the following stage of enlargement. The organisation is concentrating on new merchandises and acquisition. It besides has in topographic point a plan of intensive direction development to guarantee a good leading for the hereafter.

Tata Motors portions an effectual and successful partnership with Italian car giant Fiat since 2006. What this has done is that Tata and Fiat has enhanced the footings of production and exchange of cognition. For case, the Fiat Polio Style was launched by Tata Motors in 2007, and the two houses have programs to develop a vehicle for the cardinal and South American market section.

Failings of Tata:

One of the disadvantages has been that the company ‘s rider auto merchandises are dependent on 3rd and 4th coevals platforms.

Tata Motors has bought out Jaguar and Land Rover trade names. Yet, the company has non been able to acquire a steady clasp in the luxury auto section in the domestic Indian market. The inquiry that comes up is: Has the company ‘s trade name imagination as a manufacturer of commercial and low-priced rider autos isolated it from the moneymaking luxury section in the emerging Indian economic system.

In English, the word ‘Tat ‘ agencies rubbish. Possibly, this works negatively for the sensitive British consumer who decides non to purchase into such a trade name name. However, Fiat, Jaguar and Land Rover do non transport such suppressions.

P3. Alternate signifiers of organisational development

Mechanistic Organization:

A construction of organisation which is stiff and controlled tightly.

Highly specialized atmosphere

Rigid departmentalization.

Narrow periods of control.

High formalisation

Limited information web.


Mechanistic organisational constructions are advantageous in extremely complex environments where the undertakings are interconnected and complex. Every employee specializes in a specific undertaking and accordingly makes merely a little part to the company ‘s concluding end product. The accent is on bettering proficient procedures and it is the senior degree directors who decide how the undertakings are to be accomplished. Cases would be the new stonecutters Bridge building or day-to-day operations at MTR.


Mechanistic organisational construction tends to be really stiff and inactive which slows it down and resists version to alter in environmental state of affairss. Mechanistic construction is besides non suited for turbulent or extremely competitory markets such as that of the telecommunication market section. Besides, this construction is non advisable when a major part of the work force is extremely skilled professionals.

Organic Organization:

A construction which is extremely flexible and ready to accommodate to alterations

Non-standardized occupations

Fluid team-based construction

Small direct supervising

Minimal formal regulations

Open communicating web.


Organic direction constructions are applicable when the work environment is extremely unsure non stable or capable to really rapid alterations in market conditions. It is besides used in state of affairss where the work force is enabled and empowered to do determinations and decide jobs. An illustration would be professional consulting signifiers.


Organic construction can non work when the organisation faces a crisis, or when the house is big. Besides, when effectual execution of company schemes is dependent on the capacity of troughs to hold a say in the decision-making procedure

Transfering the construction into organic:

From Mechanistic

To Organic

Function driven



Top down-hierarchical







Purpose driven



Local focal point


Boundary lupus erythematosus






Formulation of a clear strategic vision: An organisation must hold a clear vision of the new scheme, values and attitude to direct and guarantee an effectual cultural alteration.

Display Top-management committedness: In order to efficaciously ease a cultural alteration, the top degree of the direction must demo committedness to alter. This is a important index of the opportunities of the company ‘s successful passage. De Caluwe & A ; Vermaak ( 2004. P9 ) have presented a model with five assorted ways of believing about alteration.

Model Culture alteration at the highest degree: It is of import to guarantee and demo that the direction force is in favour of the alteration. This can be done through the behaviour of the direction squad to typify the sort of values and attitudes it desires.

Modify the organisation to back up organisational alteration:

Select and socialise fledglings and terminate perverts: A manner to integrate civilization is to link it to rank and adaptability.

Develop ethical and legal sensitiveness.

Features of the extremist alteration at Tata Motors:

Tata Nanos, the latest offering by Tata Motors has been called the ‘people ‘s auto ‘ . With a monetary value ticket or US $ 2500, it is an surprisingly inexpensive auto. Nano is so an low-cost in-between category household auto. The mean Indian dream of owning and driving a auto will go a realistic 1 with Tata Nano. What follows is an analysis of this newest offering by Tata Motors which promises economic and societal mobility for the multitudes.

Achieving the cost aim:

In showing the universe ‘s cheapest auto, Tata Motors has overcome conventions and challenges within the industry. The Nano is a admiration of a merchandise with economical and mechanical simplification. Nano has achieved a discovery in economical technology where invention is accompanied by cost nest eggs and sheer inventiveness. Tata Motors has been able to visualize the basic dogmas of efficiency, while constructing up Nano, The Company has achieved this by including merely the necessary points and excepting non so relevant 1s. The merchandise characteristics have excluded wireless, air conditioning, power guidance. The instrument panel consists of merely a speed indicator, mileometer, and fuel gage similar to that of a two-wheeler. There characteristics are basically functional in nature. Tata has brought down the overall cost by coming up with advanced and practical ways. Nano uses a 623 milliliter two cylinder gasoline engine which is relatively smaller and lighter than other auto engines. Another invention has been the arrangement of the engine at the dorsum of the auto and a front infinite for baggage. These weight decrease steps have brought the weight of Tata Nano to about 592 Kg.

Safety in head:

Tata Nano has installed commensurate characteristics that meet the needed minimal safety criterions. It has a sheet-metal organic structure with strong rider compartment equipped with safety characteristics such as crumple 3 1s, direction immune doors, place belts, strong seats and anchorages. The rear tail glass is fixed to the auto ‘s organic structure and tubeless tyres guarantee safety excessively.

Ownership cost:

The following inquiry that crops up for the proprietor of a Tata Nano is that does having the auto output important nest eggs and benefits in the long tally. Other than the low price-tag, other factor like the running cost of the auto is besides taken into history. Gasoline monetary values have crossed the US $ 100 grade with no marks of coming down in the close hereafter. An insurgency of Tata Nanos on Indian roads might interpret into higher gasoline monetary values in the long tally. These billowing energy costs will besides hold to be factored in by the proprietors of Nano along with the cost of replacing parts and service care for the auto. In add-on, there is besides uncertainness over the vehicle ‘s dependability, lastingness and length of service of the constituent parts.

Nano overseas:

In position of lifting energy costs, consumers look for low cost auto options. Tata Motors aims to aim this aspiration beyond Indian market. One possible market has been Thailand which is a major car fabricating hub in the ASEAN part. Thailand has introduced the ‘Eco-car ‘ undertaking, an enterprise to construct green autos which are fuel and cost efficient. This offer is a feasible 1 for Nano. Tata Motors features among the seven makers that have applied for the ‘Eco-Car ‘ undertaking.

P5. Evaluation of the System:

Taking into consideration the organisational alteration in civilization, Tata Motors follows a assortment of attacks. These include determining cardinal premises, oppugning cultural spreads and managerial behaviour in the organisation. These are distinguishable theoretical accounts for looking at organisational civilization. We have followed the ‘Denison ‘ theoretical account. The Denison theoretical account divides the organisational civilization into four parts based on two axes: the grade of focal point and grade of stableness. By horizontal analysis, cooperation and compatibility focal point on internal kineticss of the organisation, while adaptability and mission in the external environment. By perpendicular dissection, engagement and partnership show a company ‘s attitude towards flexibleness and alteration, while compatibility and mission emphasis on stableness and clear envisioned way.

These four cultural features are discussed below

Adaptability: Adaptability refers to the organisation ‘s capacity to do the demands of the market practical. The Denison theoretical account considers three facets of adaptability which affect the organisation ‘s capacity. The first facet is called the ability of realisation and responding to the external environment. These include taking note of client behaviour and rival actions. The 2nd facet is the ability to respond to internal events without looking at degree, section, map and end product. The 3rd factor is the ability to form and rearrange procedure and behavioural constructions to assist the house to accommodate to new state of affairss.

Standards for adaptability are:

Making the alterations

Customer focal point

Organizational acquisition


Constancy refers to the values and systems which contribute to a strong civilization. Constancy allows a cardinal point for consolidating and harmonising the organisational construction. Constancy in the house in developed by a coordination between the employers and the employees. Constancy, when decently inculcated, creates an impactful organisational civilization based on joint beliefs, values and symbols for the work force.

Integrity and coordination

Core values



Engagement is realized when employees feel responsible for the organisation. The work force attached to their work and that translates into better public presentation. The construction becomes informal and voluntary alternatively of being formal and forced. Involvement includes committedness among the employees.

Standards of engagement are:


Capability development

Team orientation

Mission: Mission defines a long term way for the organisation. Mission brings together the ends of the company, the societal function and external aims of the organisation. Activities and schemes are identified in conformity with the coveted place that an organisation aspires to.

Standards of Mission are:

Strategic way and purpose

Goals and aims


P6. Appropriate theoretical accounts for the alteration

Kurt learns has recommended three stages in conveying in alteration:


Older ideals and systems must be either upgraded or eliminated to do manner for newer 1s. This procedure must be facilitated by the leader through unlearning ( and non larning ) and supplying emotional support.


The measure is practising:

What I hear, I forget

What I see, I remember

What I do, I understand

This procedure of pattern involves the contrasting emotions of confusion and hope, overload and find, desperation and exhilaration.


This phase implies the credence of the new procedures. What has been learned is now been practiced. The procedure is uninterrupted and one must larn on the occupation.

P7. Implementation procedure and eventuality program for Tata Motors

Feedback: This involves the consciousness at the single degree, group degree and organisational work kineticss.

Awareness of altering socio-cultural environment: One must be cognizant of the procedures that influence and form one ‘s behaviour. Change becomes necessary when there is a spread between present results and coveted consequences.

Increased interaction and communicating: Encouraging interaction leads to alterations in attitude and behaviour.

Confrontation: A confrontation brings to the surface differences in beliefs, values, and norms and therefore facilitates a dialogue.

Education: Educational activities aim at upgrading cognition and constructs, beliefs, attitudes and accomplishments.

Engagement: Engagement facilitates job resolution, end scene and invention.

Eventuality program for the alteration at Tata Motors:

An consciousness of the state of affairs so that the employees can accommodate successfully toe organisational alterations and whole heartedly accept alteration.

A support construction to guarantee that employees take alteration easy and acquire equal support from the direction.

Strategy analysis to guarantee that the employee understands their function in the organisation.

Training plan to point the employee before the alteration.

Encouraging communicating and interaction between direction and employees at all degrees.

Career chances and inducements to actuate the work force.

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