Primary and Secondary Education in the Netherlands and China Essay

In the Dutch instruction system one ought to hold 12 old ages of instruction. get downing at the primary school from the age of 4. After 8 old ages of primary instruction the kids will make a CITO-test that determines to which degree of secondary instruction they can go to. The Dutch secondary instruction consists of three degrees. severally: VMBO. HAVO and VWO. VMBO is a 4 twelvemonth plan that has a more practical focal point than the staying degrees and it is subdivided into four groups: BBL. GL. KBL and TL.

A VMBO grade gives entree to the subsequent vocational plans ( MBO ) . which are 2 to 4 old ages depending on the chosen classs. The intermediate degree of the secondary instruction is the HAVO plan of 5 old ages. After completion and obtaining the HAVO grade. one can take to make either a higher vocational plan ( HBO ) of 4 old ages or a MBO. However. late the Dutch authorities has declared a HBO grade to be tantamount to a university’s unmarried man grade and therefore it is more attractive to HAVO alumnuss to prosecute a plan in HBO. Finally. the highest degree in the Dutch secondary instruction is VWO.

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After completion of this plan of 6 old ages. one has entree to all universities in the Netherlands. Unfortunately. some popular classs. such as medical specialty and psychological science. do hold a minimal class as entry demand and therefore pupils willing to prosecute a calling in those Fieldss will hold to confront a strong competition. In the Chinese instruction system one has 9 old ages of mandatory instruction. get downing at the primary school from an age of 6. However. before the primary school many Chinese kids will travel to a preschool to develop their lingual accomplishments.

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After 6 old ages of primary school. the kids will make a national trial that finally determines to which secondary school they can go to. In China there are no typical degrees in the secondary school system. but repute and ranking separate the schools. Therefore there are the alleged key-schools that merely accept pupils with high classs or have rich parents. The first 3 old ages in the secondary instruction is the junior-stage. wherein one will hold a cardinal scrutiny in the last twelvemonth.

The consequences of that scrutiny will either let the pupil to the senior-stage of the secondary instruction or direct the pupil to another school specialised in vocational instruction. The pupils who are able to come in the senior-stage will make another cardinal test in their last twelvemonth. The consequences of that test will subsequent give the pupil entree to the universities in China. The popular universities normally have a good repute and high national ranking. therefore merely the pupils with the highest tonss in their concluding tests can carry through the entry demands.

In comparing the two instruction systems. one should hold noticed that the Dutch primary instruction is extended over a longer period than the Chinese primary instruction. severally 8 and 6 old ages. Furthermore. the more complex Dutch secondary instruction system allows pupils to leap between degrees. In other words. a industrious pupil could get down in VMBO-BBL in the first twelvemonth and stop up in VWO the following twelvemonth. This switch between degrees is non possible in the Chinese secondary instruction system and the cardinal tests determine the hereafter fate of the pupils.

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