The Annual Report Of Associated British Foods Plc Finance Essay


This study is traveling to utilize the one-year study of Associated British Foods plc to analysis why this company is attractiveness to puting. And it would be analysis some of the chief tendencies and some different accounting ratio such as profitableness and Investment Ratios to see the public presentation of Company Associated British Foods plc. A good ratio analysis would assist to construct a image of a companies, the profusion of the image depends on the quality of the fiscal information on which the ratios are based. Associated British Foods plc is a planetary nutrient, ingredients and Retail Company. Its ingredients division is the universe ‘s 2nd largest manufacturer of both sugar and baker ‘s barm. Its food market division is a major maker of both branded and private label food market merchandises. Its retail division, Primark, has 205 shops with over 6.5 million sq foot of selling infinite. In 2010, Associated British Foods plc has gross revenues of 10.2bn and 97,000 employees in 44 states.

Associated British Foods plc has five key concern countries: Sugar, Agriculture, Retail, Grocery and Ingredients. It is major rival in matching market.

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Gearing ratio is the part of proprietor ‘s equity to borrowed financess. The ratio explains the grade to which the concern is funded by the proprietor as against the borrowed financess. The pitching ratio of ABF plc is 19.8 % in 2010. In a capital intensive pitching ratio of 50 % or less can be considered sensible which means that Associated British Foods plc is low hazard company. The monetary value net incomes ratio ( PES ) fell all the manner from 2005 to 2007. The PES of Shell was 16.26, 15.59, and 11.85 between 2005 and 2007 severally. This ratio allows us to see how long it takes to pay back. For illustration in 2005, it will hold i??16.26 in that twelvemonth. Furthermore, the dividend per portion is the sum of the dividend that stockholders have ( or will ) have for each portion they own. Harmonizing to the record, Shell company has increased from $ 1.27 in 2005 to $ 1.44 in 2006, and so to $ 1.55 in 2007. The entire growing rate was 22 % and the mean one-year growing rate was 10.5 % .

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In this portion it wills analysis the investing ratio. The entire dividend paid in 2007 was $ 8,106 million, compared with $ 7,686 million in 2006. The dividend paid per portion was 42.30 cents, an addition of 10 % compared with 2006. In sterling footings, the dividend remained level due to the failing of the dollar. From 2005 to 2007, the figure of the capital pitching ratio of Shell was lower than BP, and the figure of dividend screen was higher than BP. Therefore, ABF plc could see a better investing because it has a lower fiscal hazard, and is more profitable. Besides, although Shell has lower dividend output, it likely offers growing in net incomes ensuing from retained net income.

Current ratio is a fiscal ratio that measures whether or non a house has adequate resources to pay its debts over the following 12 months. For ABF Company, the current ratios are 1.2 and 1.3 between 2009 and 2010 severally. This is an indicant of a company’s ability to run into their short-run debt duties ; the higher the ratio, the more liquidness the company is. A high ratio indicates that a good chance the endeavor can retire their current debts. A ratio of 2.0 or higher is a comfy fiscal place for most endeavors.

Quick ratio shows how all assets rapidly exchangeable into hard currency and all current liabilities. It can besides be called Acid trial ratio. This speedy ratio figure has increased from 0.71 in 2009 to 0.73 in 2010. The good thing about utilizing speedy ratio is that it specifically exclude stock list and this shows that the company can pay their current liabilities without trusting on the gross revenues stock list. The increasing rate was 3 % in sum, which was non excessively bad comparing to the profitableness ratios. Overall, from liquidity ratios we could see that ABF plc truly have a strong and stable on the job capital.

As it is more profitable and has a higher degree of activity and better control of working capital. Furthermore, Shell has a greater liquidness place.

In profitableness ratio, the return on capital employed ; gross net income and net net income border are a suited ratio to analysis Associated British Foods Company. Tax return on capital employed is a step of profitableness that is used to bespeak how expeditiously of a company has utilized its assets during a given period. ABF ‘s return on capital employed has increased by 25.6 % from 15.6 % in 2009 to 19.6 % in 2010. Furthermore, the gross net income border figure was 6.7 % in 2009, but ends up 8 % in 2010. This means that the production cost has somewhat increased which leads to a lower per centum during these old ages. The net net income border ratio has rise from 6.1 % in 2009 to 8.3 % in 2010. This shows the net net income ratio was somewhat better than gross net income border. This is because the per centum is somewhat higher than the gross net income ratio even though the gross net income ratio does non fluctuate every bit much as the net net income ratio.

Asset turnover is a ratio that measures the efficiency of a company ‘s usage of its assets in bring forthing gross revenues gross or gross revenues income to the company. The net assets turnover ratio for Shell Company has gone down from 2.3 in 2005 to 2.0 in 2006 and stayed the same in 2007. The entire decreasing rate and mean one-year rate were 15 % and 7.2 % severally.

Stock turnover is measures how good a company coverts stock into grosss. It is closely similar to plus turnover and is besides a step of efficiency. Stock turnover is more specific than plus turnover. It measures how good the company is doing usage of the portion of its working capital that has been invested in stock. For the Shell Company, the stock turnover period increased from 28.6 yearss in 2005 to 32.2 yearss in 2006, and so to 38.2 yearss in 2007, which rose by 33.6 % in entire. The mean one-year increasing rate was 15.6 % .

In 2005, BP ‘s Net Assets Turnover was 3.02 times, and rises to 3.17 times in 2006. But than lessening in 2007, which is 3.05 times. Shell ‘s Net Assets Turnover ratio appears to be lower than BP. This may be because of the company is capital intensive.

The period of ABF plc from July of 2008 to July of 2010 is comparatively a peaceable period. The portion monetary value increased bit by bit and reached the extremum in the December of 2010, as illustrated in below Figure 1. Similar tendencies are found in other rivals ‘ portion monetary values. Therefore, this growing happened to the overall industry and is an index of the planetary economic system growing.

Figure 1 ABF plc and FTSE 100 portion monetary value from 2008-2010

Since July of 2008, portion monetary value maintain stable. It keeps until April 2009, as illustrated in above Figure 1. It rises up aggressively to the extremum in December 2010. By and large, the rise and autumn of ABF plc portion monetary value travel with the general market, for illustration, its curve is similar to FTSE 100 curve.


Appendix 1:

Associated British Foods plc


2010 2009

Gross net income Margin 8 % 6.7 %

Net net income Margin 8.3 % 6.1 %


Current Ratio 1.3 1.2

Quick Ratio 0.73 0.71


Net Assets Turnover 1.77 times 1.82 times

Inventory keeping period 48.3 yearss 53.3 yearss


Capital Gearing ratio 19.8 % 22.8 %

Net incomes per portion

Price net incomes ratio

Appendix 2:

1. Profitableness

1.1 Gross Net income margin=*100

2010: *100=8 %

2009: *100=6.7 %

1.2 Net Net income margin=*100

2010: *100=8.3 %

2009: *100=6.1 %

2. Liquid

2.1 Current Ratio=

2010: =1.3

2009: =1.2

2.2 Quick Ratio=

2010: =0.73

2009: =0.71

3. Efficiency

3.1 Net Assets turnover ==

2010: =1.42times

2009: =1.41times

3.2 Inventory Holding Period=

2010: =48.3days

2009: =53.3days

4. Investing ratios:

4.1 Capital Gearing Ratio


2010: *100=19.8 %

2009: *100=22.8 %

4.2 Interest Cover =

2010: =10.1times

2009: =6.29times

4.3. Gaining per portion =

2010: = $ 4.27

2009: = $ 5.00

4.4 Price/Earnings Ratio=

Note: the portion monetary values are taken at the terminal of each accounting period. eg, the portion monetary value for ciphering the 2010 PE ratio is the monetary value at 31 December, 2010 on New York Stock Exchange. The figures are taken from Yahoo Finance web site.

2010: =11.85

2009: =15.59


1. Dividends paid were as follows:

Ordinary dividends of in 2010, in 2009

2. Market monetary values of ordinary portions was

31 December 2010

31 December 2009

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